"abba," by G. But, as regards the thought also, the interpretation is unsuitable; for they are sons, etc., not because God has sent Christ, but because they have become believers in Him that was sent (Galatians 3:26; John 1:12); it is not that fact itself, but their faith in it, which is the cause of their sonship and of their reception of the Spirit; comp. Galatians 4:6 You can tell for sure that you are now fully adopted as his own children because God sent the Spirit of his Son into our lives crying out, "Papa! https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/galatians-4.html. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/galatians-4.html. God has promised to him, not grace only, but glory also; and has begotten him to an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for him, who is also kept by the power of God for it. And because you are sons, God has sent out the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, saying, Abba, Father. Wieseler takes it as equivalent to εἰς ἐκεῖνο, ὅτι (see on Mark 16:14; John 2:18; John 9:17; John 11:51; John 16:19; 1 Corinthians 1:26; 2 Corinthians 1:18; 2 Corinthians 11:10): “as concerns the reality ( ἐστέ is to have the emphasis) of your state as sons.” But this would unnecessarily introduce into the vivid and direct character of these short sentences an element of dialectic reflection, which also appears in Matthias’ view. It was written by the Apostle Paul about 49 A.D. prior to the Jerusalem Council which had taken place in 50 A.D. Our relationship with God can be intimate rather than formal. By no means! Why then will you put these things far from you? GALATIANS 4:6. Tell me, is it so light a matter to he sons of God, that you will despise it; and to have a sweet sense of this sealed by the Holy Spirit upon your soul, that you will reject it? But under the Gospel we are regarded as adult sons, who are freed from those restraints, and enjoy a spirit of liberty in the whole of our life and conversation. Because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. From an enemy to God, he is made a friend and a son; and from serving God by constraint, as a slave, he comes to him with a spirit of adoption, as a beloved child. But the Lord Jesus Christ, by his obedience unto death, has both fulfilled its demands, and suffered its penalties, for us; and has thus freed us from it as a covenant, and has brought us into a better covenant, the covenant of grace. Now, the acts of this person may be, in many respects, what they were before; so that one who looks only on the outward appearance, shall see no great difference between him and others: but God, who has made all this difference, discerns it; and appreciates the obedience that is paid to him, not according to the mere act, but according to the motive or principle from which it flows. ), because the Spirit is so completely the active author of the Abba-invocation, that the man who invokes appears only as the organ of the Spirit. The Expositor's Greek Testament. Augustine and many others see here more than a translation, namely an allusion to the unity of the God of the Jews and of the Gentiles, and the unity of the Spirit, dwelling and praying in both.). Crying—It is the very Spirit itself which in our hearts utters the cry. κύριε ὁ κύριος ἡμῶν, Psalms 8:2), is not said, just as κύριε, κύριε, and the like. The τὸ πνεῦμα τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ is the Holy Spirit, in no sense “spirit” meaning disposition or temper-sensus christianus-or a filial nature (Gwynne); ὁ θεὸς ἐξαπέστειλεν τὸν υἱὸν αὐτοῦ, and similarly ἐξαπέστειλεν ὁ θεὸς τὸ πνεῦμα τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ. And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. Lightfoot affirms that the form אָבִי signifies a master as well as a father, but the form אַבָּא denotes only a natural father (Hebrew and Talmudic Exercitations on Mark, Works, vol. ᾿εξαπέστειλεν ὁ θεὸς τὸ πνεῦμα τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ εἰς τὰς καρδίας ἡμῶν—“God sent forth the Spirit of His Son into our hearts.” The authorities for the ὑμῶν of the Received Text are D3, E, K, L, Chrysostom, Theodoret, Augustine, the Vulgate, Coptic, and Syriac; while ἡμῶν has in its favour A, B, C, D1, F, א, with many of the fathers, such as Basil, Tertullian, Jerome, and Hilary. But there remains the question why Jesus used both in his prayer. Abba; a Chaldee word for Father. ἡμῶν] The change of persons arose involuntarily from the apostle’s own lively, experimental consciousness of this blessedness. ὁ θεὸς τὸ πνεῦμα τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ. Compare notes on Acts 2:6; Acts 26:14. And because you are children, God sent out the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, "Abba, Father!". The apostle now comes to the conclusion or application to which he has been working in the three preceding verses, connected as they are so closely with the illustration which begins the chapter. Critics are divided. Crying, Abba. Mark 14:36; Romans 8:15-16). Paul was the apostle to the gentiles, as noted in Galatians 2:7-9: “The gospel for the uncircumcised had been committed to me.” But it seems a group of individuals in the synagogues would play a major part in his work with gentiles. Author: Galatians 1:1 clearly identifies the apostle Paul as the writer of the epistle to the Galatians. God sent forth the Spirit of his Son into our hearts. 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